(CNN) — Here is a look at the life of Ben Carson, retired neurosurgeon and former 2016 presidential candidate.
Personal: Birth date: September 18, 1951
Birth place: Detroit, Michigan
Birth name: Benjamin Solomon Carson
Father: Robert Carson, auto factory worker
Mother: Sonya (Copeland) Carson, domestic worker
Marriage: Lacena “Candy” (Rustin) Carson (July 1975-present)
Children: Murray, Benjamin Jr., Rhoeyce
Education: Yale University, B.A. in Psychology, 1973; University of Michigan School of Medicine, M.D., 1977
Religion: Seventh Day Adventist
Other Facts: When Carson became the director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins at age 33, he became the youngest to head a major division in the hospital’s history.
His parents separated when he was eight, after it was revealed his father was a bigamist. He and his brother were raised by their mother.
Carson admits that he had a violent temper in his youth, and says one of the defining moments of his life occurred when he was 14. Carson attempted to stab a schoolmate, but luckily the boy’s belt buckle blocked the knife. After praying for three hours, Carson “came to an understanding that to lash out at people is not a sign of strength, it was a sign of weakness.”
Known for offering provocative commentary on a wide range of issues, including comparing the modern American government to Nazi Germany in a March 2014 interview with Breitbart, and at the 2013 Values Voters Summit, saying that Obamacare is “the worst thing that has happened in this nation since slavery.”
Timeline: 1977-1978 – Intern in general surgery at The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
1978-1982 – Completes his neurosurgery residency at Johns Hopkins.
1982-1983 – Chief neurosurgery resident at Johns Hopkins.
1983-1984 – Senior registrar in neurosurgery at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital in Perth, Australia.
1984-2013 – Director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Children’s Center.
1987 – Primary neurosurgeon on team that performs the first successful surgery to separate conjoined twins connected at the back of the head (occipital craniopagus twins).
1990 – Carson’s best-selling autobiography, “Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story,” is released.
1994 – With his wife, founds the Carson Scholars Fund, which facilitates leisure reading for children and funds college scholarships for students with strong academics and humanitarian achievement.
1997 – Primary neurosurgeon on the team that performs the first fully successful surgery to separate Type 2 vertical craniopagus twins (joined at the top of the head and facing opposite directions), where both twins survive and are neurologically normal.
2002 – Co-founds the Benevolent Endowment Network (BEN) Fund, which provides financial support for the medical expenses of pediatric neurosurgery patients.
August 2002 – Undergoes surgery for prostate cancer. He is later declared cancer-free.
2004 – Named by President George W. Bush to the President’s Council on Bioethics.
June 19, 2008 – Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George W. Bush.
February 7, 2009 – Cuba Gooding, Jr., plays Carson in the made-for-television movie, “Gifted Hands: The Ben Carson Story.”
February 7, 2013 – Gains national attention after he criticizes Democratic policies on taxes and healthcare during his keynote address at the National Prayer Breakfast.
July 1, 2013 – Retires from Johns Hopkins as director of pediatric neurosurgery, professor and co-director of the Craniofacial Center.
October 2013-November 2014 – Contributor for Fox News.
November 2014 – Officially switches his party affiliation from registered Independent to Republican, a move he later acknowledges was spurred on by a possible presidential run.
March 4, 2015 – On CNN’s “New Day,” Carson asserts that homosexuality is a choice because people “go into prison straight — and when they come out, they’re gay.” He later apologizes for his comments but says that the science is still murky on the issue.
May 4, 2015 – Formally announces his candidacy for president in his hometown of Detroit.
March 2, 2016 – After a disappointing finish on Super Tuesday, Carson announces he doesn’t “see a political path forward” in the Republican presidential nomination process, and will not attend the upcoming GOP presidential debate in Detroit.
March 4, 2016 – In a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference gathering in National Harbor, Maryland, Carson officially ends his presidential campaign and reveals his next move: becoming the national chairman of My Faith Votes, a group focused on getting out the Christian vote in November.
March 11, 2016 – Carson announces his endorsement of GOP presidential candidate Donald Trump.
November 15, 2016 – Carson declines an offer from President-elect Donald Trump to join his cabinet as Secretary of Health and Human Services. A close Carson adviser tells CNN Carson declined the position in part because running a federal agency would be “a lot to ask” of a “neophyte” like Carson who has never before worked in government.
December 5, 2016 – The Trump transition team announces Carson will b